Prerequisites: A computer, an internet connection, and a router.
If you already pay for a home internet service, chances are you are at least somewhat familiar with modems and routers. If you are renting a device from your ISP, consider returning it and purchasing your own. It will give you better performance and control and also will eventually pay for itself since you won't be paying monthly to lease theirs. If you need a place to start shopping a popular replacement is the "Arris Surfboard".
What the basic process is: A quick summary of how it works.
1.) You'll install a web server on your operating system which will host your website. 2.) You'll configure some firewall rules to allow traffic in and out of your system. 3.) Then you'll log into your router to direct the traffic from the internet to your local computer.
1.) Installing a Web Server:
The easiest method to installing a web server on MS Windows is to download either Xampp - Apache, MariaDB, PHP, Perl or Wamp - Apache, PHP, MySQL. Each are easy to install and offer more control than IIS. As a more familiar and user friendly option I'll cover how to install IIS (Internet Information Services) in Windows.
How to setup an IIS Web Server on WIndows:
First things first, download and install .NET Framework
Next it's time to turn on Internet Information Services (IIS) Open the control panel (Start Menu > control) Control Panel //> Programs and Features Turn Windows features on or off
Turn on the following: (check the box next to each)
Internet Information Services
- FTP Server
- Web Management Tools
- World Wide Web Services Internet Information Services Hostable Web Core
Next navigate to: Control Panel > Administrative Tools > View Local Services Locate and Start: IIS Administrative Services
Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager
Run IIS Manager
Select "Application Pool" Select "DefaultAppPool" Right Click "Edit Basic Settings" Choose ".NET Framework" Managed pipeline mode: Integrated Check "Start application pool immediately" Click "OK"
Select "Sites" > Default Web Site" Right Click and choose "Edit Bindings" Click "Add" Type: http IP address: All Unassigned Port: 80 Host name: blank
Select "Sites > Default Web Site" Right Click and choose "Edit Bindings" Click "Add" Type: http IP address: 192.168.0.1 (local ip address if you don't know yours open command prompt (cmd) and type "ipconfig" look for your IPv4 Address. Port: 80 Host name: blank
Click Application Pools Right Click "Default Application Pool" Click "Advanced Settings" Expand "Process Model" Change "Idle Time-out (minutes) to "0"
INSTALL PHP and SQL
Visit: https://www.microsoft.com/web/downloads/platform.aspx and download "Microsoft Web Platform Installer 5.0" It's basically an app store for IIS.
Install and open it.
PHP and SQL are located under "Products/Frameworks" Also download .NET Frameworks and Powershell
Optional: Download MySQL Community Server By visiting: https://dev.mysql.com/downloads/file/?id=476476 It's a SQL installer similar to Microsoft Web Platform for IIS) Optional: Install SQL Work Bench for easy administration
Your site should be live (on your own network) and accessible by visiting 127.0.0.1 or localhost in a web browser.
2.) Configuring Windows Firewall
Launch Windows Firewall (start menu "windows firewall") Click "Advanced Settings" to set Inbound rules on specific ports.
Set two rules:
Click "Inbound Rules" Click "New Rule" Click "Port" Click "Next" Select "TCP" Specific local ports: 80 Select "Domain" Select "Private" Select "Public" Click "Next" Select "Allow the connection" Click "Next" Name: server Click "Finish"
Click "Inbound Rules" Click "New Rule" Click "Port" Click "Next" Select "TCP" Specific local ports: 8080 Select "Domain" Select "Private" Select "Public" Click "Next" Select "Allow the connection" Click "Next" Name: server 80 Click "Finish"
3.) Make it reachable on the world wide web.
log into you router Once logged in go to Advanced > Port Forwarding
In order to host your own website you'll need to log into your route by visiting it's admin page via a web browser. The standard address for routers is 192.168.0.1 After you've logged in you'll need to find the option for "Port Forwarding" and then an option to "Create IPv4"
Set two rules:
External IP Address & Start/End Point = 0.0.0.0 = 80= 80 Local IP Address & Start/End Point = 192.168.0.2 = 80 =80 (this IP address should match your computers. To find it open command prompt "cmd" and type "ipconfig" look for your IPv4 address.) Description = server Protocol = TCP Forwarding = YES
External IP Address & Start/End Point = 18.104.22.168 = 8080= 8080 (this IP should be the address of your router. ) Local IP Address & Start/End Point 192.168.0.2 = 8080= 8080 Description = server = 80 = 80 Protocol = TCP Forwarding = YES
Next locate your DHCP settings
Locate your computer in the list of devices connected to your network. Reserve it's local IP address so it doesn't change the next time you reboot your router.